In 1599, Thomas Platter, a Swiss visitor to London, wrote:
“After dinner on the 21st of September, at about two o’clock, I went with my companions over the water [to Southwark], and in the strewn roof-house [?The Globe] saw the tragedy of the first Emperor Julius with at least fifteen characters very well acted. At the end … they danced according to their custom with extreme elegance. Two in men’s clothes and two in women’s gave this performance, in wonderful combination with each other”.
“On another occasion, I saw … a comedy; if I remember right, in Bishopsgate. Here they represented various nations, with whom … and Englishman fought … , and overcame them all except the German … . [H]e outwitted the German … .
[E]very day at two o’clock … two and sometimes three comedies are performed, at separate places, wherewith folk make merry together, and whichever does best gets the greatest audience.
… What they … produce daily by way of mirth … every one knows well, who has happened to see them … playing … .
With such … pastimes … the English spend their time; … [and] … learn what is going on in other lands … ”.
Others took much less favourable views of the theatres, and of the badly-behaved crowds that they attracted.
The Lord Mayor and Aldermen made repeated efforts to have them closed down, on one occasion petitioning the Privy Council as follows:
“We have signified to your Honours many times heretofore the great inconvenience which we find to grow by the common exercise of stage-plays. We presumed to do so, … being persuaded … that neither in polity nor in religion are they to be suffered in a Christian commonwealth, … containing nothing but profane fables, lascivious matters, cozening devices, and scurrilous behaviours … . Among other inconveniences it is not the least that they give opportunity to the … evil-disposed and ungodly people that are within and about this city to assemble themselves … for … lewd and ungodly practices … . For avoiding whereof we are now again most humble and earnest suitors to your honours to direct … letters … to the justices of peace of Surrey and Middlesex for the present stay and final suppression of the said stage-plays, as well at the Theatre, Curtain and Bankside as in all other places in and about the city … ”.
Indeed, the theatres were eventually temporarily closed down by the Puritans in the 1640s to 1650s, during the Civil War and succeeding Commonwealth and Protectorate, only reopening in the 1660s, after the Restoration of the Monarchy.
The sites of former London playhouses and theatres are visited on various of our standard walks and – all together – on our “Tudor and Stuart London” themed special.
Further details of all our walks are available in the “Our Guided Walks” section.