Category Archives: Shakespeare

Facial hair through the ages (Tudor and Stuart styles)

November 1st –  To mark the beginning of ‘Movember’, here’s a look at some of the facial hair styles adopted by the Tudors and Stuarts, ranging from “boyish” to “strictly no-nonsense”, by way of the peculiarly popular “rakish”.

Top row, left to right: Christopher Marlowe; “The Laughing Cavalier”; Francis Drake.

Middle  row, left to right: William Shakespeare; James I; James I’s “favourite” George Villiers, the First Duke of Buckingham.

Bottom row: Henry VIII; William Cecil, Lord Burghley; Thomas Cranmer.

Facial hair through the ages

Elizabethan London (Frederick of Mompelgard, 1592)

Frederick, Duke of Wurttemberg

Another in the occasional series on contemporary accounts and descriptions of the historic City of  London, this one written by a German visitor, Frederick of Mompelgard, in 1592

“It is a very populous city, so that one can scarcely pass along its streets, on account of the throng.

The inhabitants are magnificently apparelled, and are extremely proud and overbearing: and because the greater part, especially the trades people, seldom go into other countries, but always remain … in the city attending to their business, they care little for foreigners, but scoff and laugh at them; and … one dare not oppose them, else the street-boys and apprentices collect together … and strike … unmercifully without regard to person; and because they are the strongest, one is obliged to put up with the insult as well as the injury.

The women have much more liberty than perhaps in any other place; they also know well how to make use of it, for they go dressed … in exceedingly fine clothes, and give all attention to their ruffs and stuffs … whilst at home perhaps they have not a piece of dry bread”.

Frederick, Duke of Wurttemberg

Frederick, Duke of Wurttemberg

During his  visit to England in 1592, Frederick  made representations to Queen Elizabeth to be made a Knight of the Garter, contrary to diplomatic protocol.  He was eventually admitted to the Order after being made Duke of Wurttemberg in 1597, but in a perceived deliberate slight was not informed of his admission until it was too late for him to attend in person the investiture.  His absence from the investiture was the subject of a  joke at his expense in Shakespeare’s “The Merry Wives of Windsor”, which was written for the event.

Shakespeare and London

12th September 2013 – I’ve just got back from a fascinating behind-the-scenes tour of the London Metropolitan Archives (, organised by the London Historians (
The highlight was the “Shakespeare and London” exhibition, which features not only “The Shakespeare Deed”, a property deed signed by Shakespeare (one of only six surviving examples of his signature), but also other documents from his lifetime, along with maps, photographs, prints and models which explore his relationship with London.  The exhibition runs until 26thSeptember 2013.