Tag Archives: All Hallows on the Wall

All Hallows on the Wall

Another in the series on historic churches in the City of London …

By the time of the Great Fire of London in 1666, there were over a hundred parish churches and other places of Christian worship within and immediately without the walls of  the City, despite a number having been closed down during the Reformation. To be precise, according to  Parish Clerks’ records, there were 97 churches within the walls of the City, and 16 without, making a total of 113.

ahlw

All Hallows-on-the-Wall (“28” on sixteenth-century “Agas” map/Map of Early Modern London) was originally built around 1120.

All Hallows London Wall exterior

All Hallows London Wall interior

All Hallows memorial

The church was undamaged in the Great Fire of 1666.  My distant ancestor Simon West, was married here, for the third time, in 1677.

The church was  subsequently rebuilt  by George Dance the Younger in 1765-67, and further modified in the late  nineteenth century. The rebuilt church had to be  restored twice in the twentieth century,  after sustaining bomb damage   during  both the Second  World War of the early part, and  the IRA terror campaign of the late.

The font was salvaged from St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street.

City of London Buildings that survived the Great Fire of 1666

ChurchesOf the 97 parish churches within the walls of the City of London at the time of the Great Fire of 1666, only 8, namely, All Hallows Barking, All Hallows Staining, St Alphage, St Andrew Undershaft, St Ethelburga, St Helen, St Katharine Cree, and St Olave Hart Street, survived,  and still survive, with at least some pre-Great Fire structures standing, above ground (*).

Tower of London.JPG

Guildhall.JPG

Of the secular buildings, only the Tower of London and the Guildhall, and parts of the Merchant Taylors’ and Apothecaries’ Livery Company Halls, and of the “Olde Wine Shades” public house, still survive.

(*) A further 5 churches, namely All Hallows on the Wall, St James Duke’s Place, St Katherine Coleman, St Martin Outwich and St Peter-le-Poer, also survived  the fire but were either rebuilt or demolished afterwards.

And 84 were burnt down in the fire, of which 49 were rebuilt afterwards, and 35 were not.

Tower of London.JPG