Tag Archives: John Milton

The church of St Margaret, Westminster

 

On this day, Palm Sunday, in 1614, the House of Commons assembled in the church of St Margaret, Westminster, to take Holy Communion together for the first time.

The church was probably originally  built in the late eleventh century, and subsequently rebuilt in the fourteenth and again in the late fifteenth to early sixteenth, between 1482-1523, although it has also been much modified subsequently.   It became the unofficial “parish” church of the House of Commons after  1614.   In 1647, under the Puritans, the wardens were fined for celebrating Christmas!

Among those buried here are William Caxton, whose printing press was nearby, at the sign of the “Red Pale”, in  1491/2; Walter Ralegh, in 1618; John Pym, in 1643; and Wenceslaus Hollar, in 1677.  And among those married here, Samuel  Pepys, in 1655; and John Milton, in 1656 – not to mention Winston Churchill, in 1908!  Sadly, photography is not permitted in the interior of the church, and I have been unable to find any images of it that I can share without infringing copyright.

 

Paradise Found, or “To-Morrow to fresh Woods, and Pastures new”

John Milton, statue and bust - St Giles Cripplegate

John Milton, statue and bust – St Giles Cripplegate

November 8th –  On this day in 1674 died John Milton, the Republican statesman and man of letters, perhaps best known for his epic poem “Paradise Lost”.  The poem was described by Dr Johnson as one which “with respect to design may claim the first place … among the productions of the human mind”.

Milton was buried in the church of St Giles Cripplegate, where there are both a statue and a bust of him.

He had been born in 1608 in Bread Street, and is also commemorated by a plaque there, and by another on the church of St Mary-le-Bow in Cheapside.

Here’s a selection of quotations from Paradise Lost:

“What though the field be lost?

All is not lost; the unconquerable will,

And study of revenge, immortal hate,

And the courage never to submit or yield”

 * * *

“How oft, in nations gone corrupt

And by their own devices brought down to servitude

That man chooses bondage before liberty?

Bondage with ease before strenuous liberty”

* * *

“But first whom shall we send

In search of this new world, whom shall we find sufficient?

Who shall tempt, with wand’ring feet

The dark unbottomed infinite abyss

And through the palpable obscure find out

His uncouth way, or spread his aery flight

Upborne with indefatigable wings

Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive

The happy isle?”

 * * *

“Freely we serve,

Because we freely love, as in our will,

To love or not; in this we stand or fall”

 * * *

 “For so I created them free and free they must remain”

* * *

“What is strength without a double share of wisdom?”

 * * *

“Who overcomes by force hath overcome but half his foe”

 * * *

“Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heav’n”

 * * *

 “The mind is it’s own place, and in itself can make a Heaven of Hell … ”

 * * *

And one from The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates:

“No man … can be so stupid to deny that all men naturally were born free, being the image and resemblance of God himself”

John Milton, statue and bust - St Giles Cripplegate

John Milton, statue and bust – St Giles Cripplegate